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句子简化题的正确选项类型

2018-01-09 10:47:40 来源:江博教育 作者:江博教育

徐老师在之前的文章中,给大家讲解了句子简化题的解题思路以及错误选项的特征,同学们还记得分别是什么吗?

首先一起来复习一下吧:

解题思路:找逻辑及逻辑前后的核心信息(主干+重要的修饰信息)

错误选项的特征有4种:

1 修饰对象错

2 缺少主干信息

3 逻辑错

4 有无中生有的概念

 

今天我们一起来看一下正确选项都有哪些类型呢?

 

Hills and mountains are often regarded as the epitome of permanence, successfully resisting the destructive forces of nature, but in fact they tend to be relatively short-lived in geological terms.

When they are relatively young, hills and mountains successfully resist the destructive forces of nature.

Although they seem permanent, hills and mountains exist for a relatively short period of geological time.

Hills and mountains successfully resist the destructive forces of nature, but only for a short time.

Hills and mountains resist the destructive forces of nature better than other types of landforms.

解析:原句的逻辑是but,but前后的核心信息分别是:

山是永恒;山相对短命。

所以对应选项B。

大家会发现B选项完美匹配了原句的essential information, 所以这是第一种正确选项类型:完美选项(正确选项的内容和原句的essential information完美匹配)。

 

In the second case, pollinators (insects, birds) obtain food from the flowering plant, and the plant has its pollen distributed and seeds dispersed much more efficiently than they would be if they were carried by the wind only.

The relationship between flowering plants and pollinators provides pollinators with food and flowers with efficient reproduction.

In some cases birds obtain food from the seeds that are dispersed in the wind.

The wind not only helps the flowers distribute their seeds but enables birds to find more food.

Animals and insects are more effective in distributing pollen and seeds than the wind.

 

解析:原句的逻辑是and,and前后的核心信息分别是:

传粉者(昆虫,鸟)从植物中获取食物;植物的花粉被传粉者传播比只有风更有效。

正确选项是A:植物和鸟之间的关系为传粉者提供了食物,也为花提供了高效的繁殖。

大家会发现A选项把and前后整合到一起了,变成了一个很短的句子,所以这是第二种正确选项的类型:高度概括选项(这种选项通常会出现在and的逻辑关系中,并且很容易被同学们忽略,同学们要格外注意)。

 

另外,大家注意一下D选项,这个选项是个干扰选项,它的内容是对的,但是只有and后面的核心信息,属于残缺选项,如果没有A选项,大家是可以选择D的。

 

For centuries European artisans had operated in small, autonomous handcraft businesses, but by the sixteenth century an evolving economic system—moving toward modern capitalism, with its free-market pricing, new organization of production, investments, and so on—had started to erode their stable and relatively prosperous position.

In the sixteenth century, the European economy moved toward a system of free-market pricing, new ways of production, and investments.

Before the sixteenth century, European makers of handcrafts enjoyed stability, autonomy, and relative prosperity.

By the sixteenth century, the rise of capitalism began to weaken the autonomy and relative prosperity of European artisans.

European artisans operated small, autonomous businesses before modern capitalism emerged in the sixteenth century.

解析:原句的逻辑是but,but前后的核心信息分别是:

手工艺者运营着小的、自主的商业形式;一个经济系统(资本主义)开始腐蚀它相对稳定和

繁荣的地位。

正确选项是C:资本主义开始削弱手工艺者相对繁华的自治和繁荣。

大家会发现D选项只有but后,所以,这是第三种正确选项的类型:残缺选项。(没有完美选

项时才可以选。)

 

另外,大家注意B和D都是只有but前,A是只有插入语的内容,这些都不是句子的essential

 

information,所以不对。

 

总结:句子简化题的三种选项类型分别是:

1 完美选项

2 高度概括选项(通常出现在and逻辑中)

3 残缺选项(没有完美选项时才可以选)

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